North Korea’s Internet connection with the world suffered outages on December 27 and December 28.
The latest instability on the connection began around 0400 UTC (1 p.m. local time in Pyongyang) on Sunday and continued for a couple of hours, according to monitoring by Dyn Research. The U.S.-based organization recorded several instances in which connections to the four sub-networks that make up the North Korean Internet were completely unavailable.
The outage followed a larger one on Saturday evening that appears to have begun at around 1040 UTC (7:40 p.m. local time in Pyongyang), said Dyn Research.
Saturday’s outage was the first major problem to hit the country’s Internet connection in three days and affected connectivity on both local Internet and 3G connections, said a Xinhua reporter in Pyongyang.
“At Pyongyang time 7:30 p.m. Saturday, DPRK’s Internet and 3G mobile network came to a standstill, and had not returned to normal at press time as of 9:30 p.m. Saturday, according to Xinhua reporters and Chinese facilities based in the country,” the news agency reported.
Here’s the December 27 outage:
The latest two outages are similar to others that hit the country on Tuesday.
Those were believed to be the result of a denial of service attack, which involves flooding computers with so many requests that they become unavailable and cannot handle legitimate traffic. Such attacks are different from hacking because they don’t involve breaking into websites or causing damage.
The U.S. denied involvement in the earlier attacks, which were later claimed by two Internet hacker groups.
Despite that denial, North Korean state media blamed the U.S. for the problems.
“The U.S. … started disturbing the internet operation of major media of the DPRK, not knowing shame like children playing a tag,” the National Defence Commission said in a statement carried on the Korean Central News Agency.
Here’s a look at North Korea’s Internet trouble since December 21:
North Korea has accused the U.S. of disrupting its Internet service and has renewed a call to participate in a joint investigation into claims that it hacked Sony Pictures Entertainment.
[UPDATE: English recording of Voice of Korea added below.]
The country’s websites were offline for more than nine hours on December 22 after an apparent denial of service attack.
In a statement carried by the state-run Korean Central News Agency on Saturday, the country’s National Defence Commission laid blame for the Internet problem at the feet of the U.S., saying the country “started disturbing the internet operation of major media of the DPRK.”
Earlier in the week, the U.S. State Department denied knowledge of the disruption. Network security companies have speculated the attack was probably the result of at least on hacker collective. Two such groups claimed responsibility.
In its latest statement, the NDC repeated its call for the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation to publish evidence that it hacked Sony Pictures, or accept its part in a joint investigation.
“If the U.S. is to persistently insist that the hacking attack was made by the DPRK, the U.S. should produce evidence without fail, though belatedly,” it said. “If the U.S. cannot open to public evidence due to ‘protection of sensitive information source’ as expressed by the FBI, the U.S. may conduct a joint investigation with the DPRK in camera.”
It also blamed U.S. President Obama for pressuring Sony Pictures into releasing “The Interview.” The movie, which follows two reporters on a plot to kill Kim Jong Un, was earlier canceled from release following the hacks. Sony released it online on December 24 and in independent movie theaters on December 25.
Here’s the statement as broadcast on Voice of Korea in English:
Here’s the full statement:
U.S. Can Never Justify Screening and Distribution of Reactionary Movie: Policy Department of NDC of DPRK
Pyongyang, December 27 (KCNA) — The spokesman for the Policy Department of the National Defence Commission (NDC) of the DPRK Saturday issued a statement denouncing the U.S. for screening even dishonest and reactionary movie hurting the dignity of the supreme leadership of the DPRK and agitating terrorism while groundlessly linking the unheard-of hacking at the Sony Pictures Entertainment to the DPRK.
The statement said that much scared at the hacking attack of justice made by the “guardians of peace”, the Sony Pictures Entertainment hastily suspended the screening of the above-said movie. But at the zealous prodding of the U.S. administration and wicked conservative forces, it again buckled down to distributing the movie, failing to guess a miserable fate to be faced by it in the future, it added:
U.S. President Obama is the chief culprit who forced the Sony Pictures Entertainment to “indiscriminately distribute” the movie and took the lead in appeasing and blackmailing cinema houses and theatres in the U.S. mainland to distribute the movie.
Obama always goes reckless in words and deeds like a monkey in a tropical forest. When the Sony Pictures Entertainment made public a statement that it would give up the distribution of the movie, frightened by the merciless retaliatory strike, Obama urged it to unconditionally screen the movie, claiming that the disgrace suffered by Sony Pictures Entertainment means sorrow of the U.S., why did it issue such a statement as holding a white flag without informing the president of it?, it is the violation of the freedom of expression and a threat to the security of the U.S. and it is necessary to make symmetric counteraction, considering the hacking attack was made by “north Korea”, though it is not clear who was behind it, the statement said, and went on:
Dancing to the tune of Obama’s outbursts, Kerry, McCain, Bolton and other wicked conservative politicians zealously prodded the Sony Pictures Entertainment into distributing the movie, blustering who else but “north Korea” caused property losses worth hundreds of millions of dollars to it.
If the U.S. is to persistently insist that the hacking attack was made by the DPRK, the U.S. should produce evidence without fail, though belatedly.
If the U.S. cannot open to public evidence due to “protection of sensitive information source” as expressed by the FBI, the U.S. may conduct a joint investigation with the DPRK in camera.
However, the U.S. is behaving recklessly, trumpeting about “symmetric counteraction”, “combination of invisible sanctions and visible sanctions” and “re-designation of sponsor of terrorism” while linking the hacking attack with the DPRK without clear evidence and sure ground.
In actuality, the U.S., a big country, started disturbing the internet operation of major media of the DPRK, not knowing shame like children playing a tag.
We had already warned the U.S. not act like beating air after being hit hard by others.
Of course, we do not expect the gangsters to pay heed to our warnings.
When the public is becoming increasingly vocal about the hacking attack on the DPRK media this time, the U.S. feigned ignorance, saying that they should ask “north Korea” and the U.S. neither admits nor denies.
The prevailing situation clearly shows that the U.S. is adding to its crimes by screening the movie “The Interview.”
With no rhetoric can the U.S. justify the screening and distribution of the movie.
This is because “The Interview” is an illegal, dishonest and reactionary movie quite contrary to the UN Charter, which regards respect for sovereignty, non-interference in internal affairs and protection of human rights as a legal keynote, and international laws.
It is also because it is a new politically-motivated provocation made by the U.S., pursuant to its hostile policy toward the DPRK as it is a movie for agitating terrorism produced with high-ranking politicians of the U.S. administration involved.
This is the reason why the world is branding “The Interview” as a typical product of the U.S. anachronistic act of challenging not only the dignity of the supreme leadership of the DPRK but also human justice and conscience and encroaching upon peace and security.
The anti-U.S. sacred war at present precisely means protecting justice and peace.
If the U.S. persists in American-style arrogant, high-handed and gangster-like arbitrary practices despite the repeated warnings of the DPRK, the U.S. should bear in mind that its failed political affairs will face inescapable deadly blows. -0-
What a difference a week makes. The Christmas Day release of “The Interview” is back on and Sony has already begun offering the movie online.
The movie, a comedy in which two TV reporters embark on a secret mission to kill Kim Jong Un, appeared on YouTube and Google Play on December 23 at 1pm ET. It costs $5.99 to rent for 48 hours and $15 to own.
Google said that it was first approached by Sony on December 17, on the same day that is announced it would be canceling the December 25 release.
“Last Wednesday Sony began contacting a number of companies, including Google, to ask if we’d be able to make their movie, ‘The Interview,’ available online. We’d had a similar thought and were eager to help — though given everything that’s happened, the security implications were very much at the front of our minds.,” said David Drummond, Google’s chief lawyer in a statement.
“Of course it was tempting to hope that something else would happen to ensure this movie saw the light of day. But after discussing all the issues, Sony and Google agreed that we could not sit on the sidelines and allow a handful of people to determine the limits of free speech in another country (however silly the content might be).”
North Korea’s powerful National Defense Commission responded with its first statement on the Sony hack and accusations by the U.S. that it was responsible. The statement was read out on Voice of Korea, the country’s international shortwave radio service, and makes interesting listening.
It’s not exactly the same as the text statement that was carried on KCNA and appears to be a slightly different translation.
The most noticeable thing about the statement is how much the NDC appears to be picking up from cues in the U.S. media. Many of its arguments are similar to those being debated in public:
- Killing a head of state, even in jest, is in bad taste
- The accusation against North Korea is an assertion and isn’t based on solid technical facts
- If a hacker used U.S. code, it couldn’t be concluded that it was carried out by the U.S.
The full, and very long, NDC statement as carried by KCNA is pasted in below. It was sent on December 21, a day before Voice of Korea broadcast this message.
U.S. Urged to Honestly Apologize to Mankind for Its Evil Doing before Groundlessly Pulling up Others
Pyongyang, December 21 (KCNA) — The Policy Department of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK issued the following statement Sunday:
Strange thing that happened in the heart of the U.S., the ill-famed cesspool of injustice, is now afloat in the world as shocking news.
The Sony Pictures Entertainment, the biggest movie producer in the U.S., which produced the undesirable reactionary film “The Interview” daring hurt the dignity of the supreme leadership of the DPRK and agitating even terrorism and had a plan to distribute it, was exposed to surprisingly sophisticated, destructive and threatening cyber warfare and has been thrown into a bottomless quagmire after suffering property losses worth hundreds of millions of dollars.
The public in the U.S. is now describing this case as “disgrace suffered by Sony Pictures Entertainment,” “very sorry thing caused by the U.S.,” “Sony Pictures Entertainment showing a white flag before hackers” and the “unprecedented disaster suffered by the U.S.”
Those who meted out a stern punishment of justice were reported to be cyber experts styling themselves “guardians of peace”.
Seized with terrible horror and threat in face of their merciless hacking attack in retaliation against unjust actions, many movie and drama distributors in North America including 41 states of the U.S. and Canada immediately canceled the screening of the reactionary movie. And it was reported that the Sony Pictures Entertainment which directly sponsored its production and distribution hastily issued a statement on Dec. 25 that it would suspend the screening of the undesirable movie which had been planned in 63 countries.
The NDC of the DPRK highly estimates the righteous action taken by the “guardians of peace,” though it is not aware of their residence.
It, at the same time, considers as fortunate the step taken by the Sony Pictures Entertainment to give up the overall distribution of the above-said movie due to the decision and strong pressure of the movie and drama distributors for stopping the screening of the reactionary movie, though belatedly.
This is an official stand of the army and the people of the DPRK on what happened in the heart of the U.S.
This stand is taken by the DPRK because the movie “The Interview” is an undesirable and reactionary one justifying and inciting terrorism which should not be allowed in any country and any region.
Another reason is that the movie is run through with a story agitating a vicious and dastardly method of assassinating a head of a legitimate sovereign state.
No wonder, even political and social circles of the U.S. commented that it is quite wrong to defame the head of the state for the mere reason that his politics is different from that of the U.S. and it is in the hostile relationship with the latter and, therefore, the Sony Pictures Entertainment got into a serious trouble and paid a due price.
For these reasons, the DPRK is more highly praising the “guardians of peace” for their righteous deed which prevented in advance the evil cycle of retaliation– terrorism sparks terrorism.
It is quite natural that the movie and drama producers should refrain from undesirable deeds contrary to the noble mission to lead morality and civilization.
But what matters is that the U.S. and its followers are groundlessly trumpeting that the recent cyber attack was made by the DPRK.
The FBI issued the results of the investigation into the hack at the Sony Pictures Entertainment on December 19.
According to them, it suffered tremendous losses.
One may say this is the due price incurred by wrong deed, the evil act of hurting others.
The U.S. released a statement asserting that this loss was caused by the DPRK.
No matter how big and disgraceful the loss may be, the U.S. should not pull up others for no reason.
The FBI presented a report on the results of technical analysis of hacking program used by the “guardians of peace” for this attack, citing it as the ground that the serious hacking was caused by the DPRK.
The report says the malignant code had access to north Korea’s IP already known several times and the hacking methods applied in the “March 20 hacking case” and during cyber warfare against media and various other computer networks in south Korea in recent years are similar to that applied against the Sony Pictures Entertainment this time, being another ground that “this was done by the north”.
The report, in particular, adds that the malignant code and algorithm applied during the attack are similar to what was used during the hacking attack on south Korea, citing it as a proof.
Not satisfied with those groundless “evidence”, the FBI is letting loose ambiguous remarks that it is hard to fully prove due to the “protection of sensitive information sources.”
This means self-acknowledgement that the “assertion about the north’s deed” came from an intentional allegation rather than scientific evidence.
It is a common sense that the method of cyber warfare is almost similar worldwide. Different sorts of hacking programs and codes are used in cyberspace.
If somebody used U.S.-made hacking programs and codes and applied their instruction or encoding method, perhaps, the “wise” FBI, too, could not but admit that it would be hard to decisively assert that the attack was done by the U.S.
Moreover, the DPRK has never attempted nor made a “cyber-attack” on south Korea. The rumor about “cyber-attack” by the DPRK was a concoction made by the south Korean puppet regime and its plot.
After all, the grounds cited by the FBI in its announcement were all based on obscure sci-tech data and false story and, accordingly, the announcement itself is another fabrication. This is the DPRK’s stand on the U.S. gangster-like behavior against it.
What is grave is that U.S. President Obama is recklessly making the rumor about “DPRK’s cyber-attack on Sony Pictures” a fait accompli while crying out for symmetric counteraction, strict calculation and additionally retaliatory sanctions.
This is like beating air after being hit hard. A saying goes every sin brings its punishment with it. It is best for the guilty to repent of its evil doings and draw a lesson when forced to pay dearly for them.
The DPRK has clear evidence that the U.S. administration was deeply involved in the making of such dishonest reactionary movie.
It is said that the movie was conceived and produced according to the “guidelines” of the U.S. authorities who contended that such movies hurting the dignity of the DPRK supreme leadership and inciting terrorism against it would be used in an effective way as “propaganda against north Korea”.
The U.S. Department of State’s special human rights envoy went the lengths of urging the movie makers to keep all scenes insulting the dignity of the DPRK supreme leadership in the movie, saying it is needed to “vex the north Korean government”.
The facts glaringly show that the U.S. is the chief culprit of terrorism as it has loudly called for combating terrorism everywhere in the world but schemed behind the scene to produce and distribute movies inciting it in various countries of the world.
It is not exaggeration to say in the light of the prevailing situation that the U.S. administration and President Obama looking after the overall state affairs of the U.S. have been behind the case.
Can he really cover up the crimes he has committed by trying so hard to falsify the truth and turn white to black.
So we watched with unusual attention what had been done by the “guardians of peace” to avert terrorism and defend justice.
Yet, we do not know who or where they are but we can surely say that they are supporters and sympathizers with the DPRK.
The army and people of the DPRK who aspire after justice and truth and value conscience have hundreds of millions of supporters and sympathizers, known or unknown, who have turned out in the sacred war against terrorism and the U.S. imperialists, the chieftain of aggression, to accomplish the just cause.
Obama personally declared in public the “symmetric counteraction”, a disgraceful behavior.
There is no need to guess what kind of thing the “symmetric counteraction” is like but the army and people of the DPRK will never be browbeaten by such a thing.
The DPRK has already launched the toughest counteraction. Nothing is more serious miscalculation than guessing that just a single movie production company is the target of this counteraction. Our target is all the citadels of the U.S. imperialists who earned the bitterest grudge of all Koreans.
The army and people of the DPRK are fully ready to stand in confrontation with the U.S. in all war spaces including cyber warfare space to blow up those citadels.
Our toughest counteraction will be boldly taken against the White House, the Pentagon and the whole U.S. mainland, the cesspool of terrorism, by far surpassing the “symmetric counteraction” declared by Obama.
This is the invariable toughest stand of the army and people of the DPRK.
Fighters for justice including “guardians of peace” who turned out in the sacred drive for cooperation in the fight against the U.S. to defend human justice and conscience and to dismember the U.S. imperialists, the root cause of all sorts of evils and kingpin of injustice, are sharpening bayonets not only in the U.S. mainland but in all other parts of the world.
The just struggle to be waged by them across the world will bring achievements thousands of times greater than the hacking attack on the Sony Pictures Entertainment.
It is the truth and inevitability of the historical development that justice prevails over injustice.
Whoever challenges justice by toeing the line of the biggest criminal U.S. will never be able to escape merciless punishment as it is the target of the sacred drive for cooperation in the fight against the U.S.
The U.S. should reflect on its evil doings that put itself in such a trouble, apologize to the Koreans and other people of the world and should not dare pull up others. -0-
North Korea’s Internet connection with the world has returned to service after a nine and a half hour outage that followed hours of patchy performance.
The cause of the outage is unknown, although several experts think it was probably due to an external distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack. This involves flooding web servers and other Internet hardware with so much traffic that they become overloaded and cannot respond to legitimate traffic. It’s not an actual hack of the system and so the situation is normalized soon after the DDOS flow of traffic stops.
Dyn Research provided this graph of the attack that shows whether it was possible to reach North Korea’s Internet from the rest of the world. The North Korean Internet is divided into four subnetworks and the graph shows that problems began a little after 0200 UTC on Monday. Connectivity was patchy until around 1630 UTC when access to all sites was impossible for a prolonged period.
Another company, Arbor Networks, which specializes in DDOS protection, has been observing a number of attacks on North Korean Internet infrastructure in the last few days, targeting web sites and DNS servers. The later are responsible for translating human readable addresses, like “www.kcna.kp” into a numeric equivalent that is used by computers in address traffic.
It said it had observed a peak attack of just under 6Gbps directed at North Korea. That’s a massive amount of traffic for a network that regularly carries so little. The same attack directed 1.7 million Internet packets of data per second at the country, easily overwhelming the equipment.
So what caused it?
“A long pattern of up-and-down connectivity, followed by a total outage, seems consistent with a fragile network under external attack,” said Jim Cowie of Dyn Research in a blog post. “But it’s also consistent with more common causes, such as power problems.”
Arbor preferred to answer the question ‘who didn’t do it.”
“I’m quite sure that this is not the work of the U.S. government,” said Dan Holden. “Much like a real world strike from the U.S., you probably wouldn’t know about it until it was too late. This is not the modus operandi of any government work.”
In fact, Arbor pointed to some posts online that seemed to hint at the involvement of cyber activists.
Here are three from “Lizard Squad,” which has claimed responsibility for several high-profile hacks in the past, such as those against Sony’s PlayStation Network and Microsoft’s Xbox Live.
North Korea #offline
— Lizard Squad (@LizardUnit) December 22, 2014
18.104.22.168 = North Korea off button
— Lizard Squad (@LizardUnit) December 22, 2014
Xbox Live & other targets have way more capacity. North Korea is a piece of cake.
— Lizard Squad (@LizardUnit) December 22, 2014
Dyn puts the start of the longest attack at 1615 UTC, which means the tweets from Lizard Squad came about 4 hours after the outage began.
Twitter has also been seeing posts hashtagged #OpRIPNK, which means “Operation RIP North Korea.” That was first used in a tweet on December 18 by Twitter user “@TheAnonMessage,” an account which has since been suspended.
That corresponds to the first date that Arbor said it began seeing attacks.
A second account, called “@TheAnonMessage2″ continued the tweeting and today sent these:
What did we tell you? #OpRIPNK
— TAM BACKUP (@TheAnonMessage2) December 22, 2014
I'm sorry North Korea, is your internet down? Our finger slipped.
— TAM BACKUP (@TheAnonMessage2) December 23, 2014
It’s impossible to tell whether either group was responsible, neither or perhaps both, but it reminds me of March last year when hackers took down the North Korean Internet connection for similar long periods of time. That time “Anonymous” claimed responsibility.
There’s a good chance this could continue for a few days … stay tuned.
If you’ve been trying to connect to North Korean Internet sites in the last 24 hours, you might have been unsuccessful.
Connectivity between North Korea and the rest of the world has been spotty for much of the time, according to Dyn Research.
Look at the graph below. Each period of purple corresponds to an outage on North Korea’s Internet connection.
Is this related to all that’s been going on in the last few days? Possibly. North Korea’s Internet connection does suffer from periodic outages, so it could be something as mundane as network maintenance or a failing router.
On the other hand…
“I haven’t seen such a steady beat of routing instability and outages in KP before,” said Doug Madory, director of Internet analysis at Dyn Research. “Usually there are isolated blips, not continuous connectivity problems. I wouldn’t be surprised if they are absorbing some sort of attack presently.”
It’s been a busy few days for North Korea watchers. After a couple of weeks of no solid news on the Sony hack, the FBI has finally released a few details from its preliminary investigation
That’s great news because there has been a lot of confused reporting on the case. The leaks from the FBI have generally come through national security reporters, not computer security reporters, so we’ve seen a number of differing claims:
There was general confusion about the common hacker practice of routing traffic through compromised machines in other countries. Here are some headlines from last week:
- Evidence in Sony hack attack suggests possible involvement by Iran, China or Russia, intel source says – Fox News
- U.S. officials now believe Sony hack attack was launched inside North Korea & routed through servers in Taiwan – NBC News
- Sony cyberattack originated from five-star Bangkok hotel – Daily Mail
Some media outlets reported that portions of the malware code were in Korean while others said the malware was compiled on a computer that had its language environment set to Korean.
Not only is that an important difference, but it also doesn’t differentiate between the Korean language used in the South and that used in the North. There are subtle differences, just as there are in variations of English, and some operating systems take that into account.
So, it was good news when the FBI made its first public statement. The highlights, straight from the FBI news release:
- Technical analysis of the data deletion malware used in this attack revealed links to other malware that the FBI knows North Korean actors previously developed. For example, there were similarities in specific lines of code, encryption algorithms, data deletion methods, and compromised networks.
- The FBI also observed significant overlap between the infrastructure used in this attack and other malicious cyber activity the U.S. government has previously linked directly to North Korea. For example, the FBI discovered that several Internet protocol (IP) addresses associated with known North Korean infrastructure communicated with IP addresses that were hardcoded into the data deletion malware used in this attack.
- Separately, the tools used in the SPE attack have similarities to a cyber attack in March of last year against South Korean banks and media outlets, which was carried out by North Korea.
Those conclusions led the FBI to assert that “the FBI now has enough information to conclude that the North Korean government is responsible for these actions.”
That’s quite a claim.
Computer security experts will tell you that absolute attribution in cyber attacks is really difficult. Unless you happen to catch an attacker in the act, get their computer or have them admit it, the best you can usually do is strongly suspect someone.
That’s exactly what security companies have done in the past when it’s come to attacks blamed on North Korea.
Earlier this year, McAfee published a detailed report on what it called “Operation Troy,” which was a cyber espionage campaign against South Korea. The company was able to present compelling evidence that a string of cyber attacks were in fact linked and carried out by different parts of the same group.
It found, for example, that portions of source code used in each attack matched, that similar keywords and terms were found in different variants of the malware, that attacks used the same methods to avoid detection and, perhaps most convincing, that they all used the same password to compress stolen data.
But McAfee stopped short of blaming anyone — precisely because it’s so difficult.
And Crowd Strike, which has also been looking at the attack and has closely followed the same hacker group, blogged about the FBI announcement but carefully avoided referring to the culprit of the Sony hack as North Korea.
So sure, North Korea might be the most obvious culprit — and many would say probably is responsible — but there’s still no conclusive evidence. It’s a bit like scientists trying to prove complex theories. Everything might point to one answer, but they’re hesitant to say so unless they can prove it without a doubt.
So, back to the FBI’s assertion on North Korea’s guilt.
Based on what’s been made public, there doesn’t appear to be enough to convict North Korea without a shadow of doubt. Of course, the FBI likely has a lot more information that it hasn’t made public, but we haven’t see that.
The waters are particularly muddy in this case because so much of the incident, from the emails to reporters to the leaking of data and taunting of investigators, is so different from previous attacks.
Assuming the FBI data is solid, it’s certainly an indicator of possible North Korean involvement, but we’re still a long way from understanding the entire incident.
Hopefully this week, some of the computer security companies that took a role in investigating the hack will begin speaking and offering their technical interpretation of the hack and how it operated.
I see several possibilities, the correct one of which we’ll likely never prove:
- The hack was carried out by North Korea
- The hack was carried out by a third-party on behalf of North Korea, with access to the country’s hacking infrastructure
- The hack was carried out by a third-party for other reasons and they latched onto the movie because it was in the headlines so much
With Sony saying they are now exploring release of the movie through video-on-demand services, the activities of the hackers might not be done. It should be an interesting few days ahead.
Whether North Korea is behind the hacking of Sony or not, it’s certainly not too pleased with the movie and doesn’t want it shown. Sony pulled the movie from theaters and said Sunday it’s figuring out a video-on-demand related. In the meantime, here are a few move videos that Pyongyang probably doesn’t like too much:
This report, from the CBS show “60 Minutes,” interviews Shin Dong-hyuk. He was born in “Camp 14,” a North Korean labor camp, and managed to escape to tell the tale of the horrors of North Korea’s gulags.
Sky News goes to South Korea to talk to North Korean defectors, to find out about the challenges of the new lives they have in Seoul and the stories of their lives in North Korea and their escape.
Amazing undercover footage shot inside North Korea shows the reality of life for millions of North Koreans that don’t live in the showcase cities. The Asiapress correspondents meet a starving 23-year old who was later found dead and witness a conflict between a citizen and policeman asking for a bribe.
Channel 4 News goes to Pyongyang to find out about live in North Korea and speaks to defectors in South Korea about what they previously endured.
This documentary looks at Kim Jong Un’s father, Kim Jong Il, and how he took over the role of leader of North Korea. From his beginnings through the 1990s, when several million North Korean died of starvation, to his latter years, economic mismanagement and conflicts with the U.S.