Posts tagged Kwangmyong
Not much is known about North Korea’s intranet — the Internet-like system that links up libraries, universities and other organizations throughout the country but goes no further than the country’s borders.
Few foreigners get a chance to access it and delve into the websites and services it offers, but thanks to sharp-eyed Aram Pan and his DPRK360 Facebook page, we now know a little more.
The Singaporean photographer spotted this poster on the wall of the e-library in Rason in the country’s north east. It details some of the sites available from computers in the facility.
Kwangmyong, North Korea’s online information service, has been upgraded.
The network serves scientific and technological information and has been expanded with a new search function that includes a translation function, according to a recent article on Naenara, the website of Pyongyang’s Korea Computer Center.
A Twitter user claiming to speak on behalf of the Anonymous hacker collective says members of the group have succeeded in breaking into North Korean computer servers and stealing military documents.
“Previously we said we would penetrate the intranet and private networks of North Korea. And we were successful,” the group wrote in a news release posted on Pastebin, a website that allows anonymous posting of text documents.
“Your major missile documentation and residents, military documents show down is already in progress. Your attempt to cover this has been uncovered. We are partially sharing this information with the world,” the message read.
The claim is impossible to independently verify and to-date the group has share none of the information it claims to have obtained from its hacking activities. Nor did it clearly explain how it managed to penetrate North Korean military computer systems.
Hackers made references to accessing the domestic Kwangmyong intranet system, but a link from that system to a military computer network handling state secrets would represent a big hole in network security if it existed.
An additional Twitter message posted a screenshot of a web page from the domestic Kwangmyong intranet system but, as NKNews first discovered, the screenshot dates back at least 2006 when it accompanied a South Korean newspaper story.
The claims of infiltration come just days before a long-planned attack on North Korean Internet sites is due to take place. Anonymous hackers have been threatening for the last couple of months to mount a denial of service attack on North Koreans sites from midnight local time in Pyongyang on June 25.
The groups’s last coordinated round of attacks effectively removed the websites from the Internet by deluging them with so much traffic that legitimate users were unable to connect.
The group also posted this video:
Kim Jong Il has called for the expansion of a domestic computer network, according to domestic media reports. His comments were made earlier this month, when he visited the recently-built North Hwanghae Provincial People′s Study House, said KCNA and state radio.
The study house was opened in September 2010 and covers 4,500 square meters, according to a BBC Monitoring transcript of a state radio bulletin broadcast on Jan. 21.
In has a capacity of hundreds of thousands of books, databases, seats for 500 and is connected to the remote lecture service that was started by the Grand People’s Study House in Pyongyang last year, said state media. (See “Distance education network reportedly launched,” Nov. 17, 2010; and “A closer look at the e-learning system,” Dec. 8, 2010.)
Kim Jong Il toured the study house and visited the distance-education room and an electronic reading room, according to a KCNA report.
After seeing the recently-completed rooms, he reportedly noted the need to expand the national Kwangmyong intranet service (an Internet-like network that is closed off from the global Internet) to all study houses in the nation.
Saying that the reading [of books and materials] via the computer networks run by the North Hwanghae Provincial People’s Study House is not only an economical, but also an effective way of enabling the multitude of people to read in any place, Comrade Kim Jong Il noted the need to normalize the computer network service between the Grand People’s Study House and county libraries so as to scientifically organize and manage reading as required by visitors to the study house and thus continuously raise the level of their technological knowledge. – Korea Central Broadcasting Station news, 8pm, Jan. 21, 2010 via BBC Monitoring.
The North Korean media have made some noise in the past few months about a new distance-education system. There have been several reports on KCNA about the system and in late November it featured on the evening KRT News.
I pulled some stills from the television report that show the system in use. In the screens shown, the lecturer can see up to nine video images of students taking the class and monitor their own image. The student appears to see two images: their own and that of the class. Another window shows slides and supporting documents.
The system works on computers regardless of operating system, according to an earlier report. The KRT footage I have isn’t clear enough to give away the operating system in use or many other details of the software.
It’s being installed in provincial People’s study houses and libraries, according to a previous report, and being used to deliver lectures from the Grand People’s Study House in Pyongyang. Locations are interconnected by optical fiber.
Developers confirmed the number of the subscribers for simultaneous real-time distance lectures on the basis of measurement of server and communication load under different conditions and provided the subscribers with convenience in using the contents of lectures in the database. – KCNA, Nov. 14, 2010
The new network was inaugurated by the Grand People’s Study House and the Joint Information Institute of the State Academy of Sciences, according to KCNA.