Posts tagged Korea Central Television
North Korea’s KCTV often manages to air portions of the events, but only with technical assistance from other organizations.
And so this year, for the Winter Olympics in Sochi, North Koreans are able to watch thanks to a tie-up with the Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union, an organization that ties together major broadcasters across Asia, and South Korea’s KBS. More >
For the second year in a row, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un appeared on state TV and radio on January 1 to deliver a new year address to his nation.
The direct address was something of a surprise when it happened last year as Kim’s father, Kim Jong Il, was rarely heard speaking on state media. For many years, he delivered his annual address through an editorial in the Rodong Sinmun newspaper.
This year’s speech comes at an interesting time, happening just weeks after Jang Song Thaek was arrested and executed for crimes against the state. Reports suggest a major purge of Jang’s allies continues into the new year.
The speech touched on that and several other issues of importance to the government and much has already been written about that. I thought I’d look at how the speech was delivered rather than what was said.
One of the most notable things about this year’s speech was how little Kim Jong Un was actually on screen.
The speech began with an introductory frame.
And quickly cut to a medium-angle shot of Kim Jong Un walking towards a dais with papers in his hand. While it’s impossible to tell what those papers were, we’re likely intended to conclude it’s a copy of the speech.
The Workers’ Party of Korea symbol adorns the dais, the wall behind and a flag placed nearby.
This appears to be exactly the same spot from where the 2013 address was delivered, although a year earlier there were several floral arrangements also placed nearby.
When the speech begins, viewers are alternated between the following three shots: a medium shot of Kim, a tight shot and a still image of the Workers’ Party of Korea central committee hall.
The cameras both face Kim from an angle, perhaps intended to add to the illusion that he is speaking to an audience.
Switching between cameras and a still image can be used to provide variety to the viewer and can also be used as an editing trick to mask places where a speech was edited, perhaps if a part needed to be repeated because of a stumble on words or a part was later removed or added.
The speech was introduced with applause although an audience was never shown. Kim Jong Un is the only person seen throughout the entire broadcast.
It included 32 pieces of applause. All ranged from 5- to 7-seconds long with the exception of the opening round at 14 seconds, a piece a few minutes in at 8 seconds and the closing round at just under 10 seconds.
In all, the 26 minute and 19 second speech was interrupted with 3 minutes and 23 seconds of applause.
The applause all sounds uniform and the lack of audience shots means it’s difficult to conclude that an audience was present.
But what’s perhaps more interesting than possibly canned applause is Kim Jong Un’s screen time.
The editor alternated between the two shots of Kim Jong Un and the still image of the Workers’ Party of Korea Central Committee Headquarters for the first two minutes of the speech then went to the still image continuously for the next 23 minutes, only returning to a mix of shots in the last minute of the broadcast.
In total, Kim Jong Un was seen speaking for just 2 minutes 12 seconds of the entire broadcast.
In the 2013 speech, a similar image of the WPK building was also shown, but Kim Jong Un got much more screen time.
Here’s the entire broadcast:
The page appeared to have been around for at least a month and content included links to KCTV news bulletins on the YouTube channel of the China-based Uriminzokkiri website, photos and stories from the government’s Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) and some “behind the scenes” pictures from the TV station.
It was written as if it was being run from within the TV station in Pyongyang — something that appears to have fooled several major international news agencies — but a series of inconsistencies in the content made it much more likely to be the work of a North Korean fan in the west.
Early this week, after those inconsistencies were highlighted on NorthKoreaTech and South Korea’s National Police Agency said it was looking into blocking the page, the Facebook account went silent. The account was deleted by its owner, Facebook told NorthKoreaTech.
A lot of the media attention on the page focused on its livestreaming of Korean Central Television but, as noted here earlier, the two livestreams offered by the site weren’t actually original.
They were simply embedded versions of two streams that remain available.
The first is being carried by Ustream, a U.S.-based video streaming site, and appears to be provided from Japan by the General Association of Korean Residents in Japan (Chosen Soren). The second comes from Unification Broadcasting, a Seoul-based defector-run site that analyzes media coverage on both sides of the Korean border.
On Thursday, South Korea’s Yonhap reported on a new Facebook page in the name of the Korean Central Television, North Korea’s national TV station. (Updated. See below.)
Yonhap said, “North Korea’s state broadcaster started real-time Facebook broadcasting as the communist country moves to expand its propaganda efforts into the social networking realm, official sources said Thursday.”
In never divulged who the “official sources” were beyond describing them as people “who keep tabs on the North.”
Later in the day, Agence France Presse reported the same Facebook page, reporting on the news of Kim Jong Un’s visit to a mushroom farm in the first news bulletin of the day. Like Yonhap, AFP noted, “The move marks a further step by the reclusive state to develop its Internet presence and use of social networks to disseminate state-approved propaganda.”
But there’s a few things about the new Facebook page that don’t quite add up.
The page claims to be based in Pyongyang, but links to Uriminzokkiri.com.
Uriminzokkiri isn’t in Pyongyang. It’s in China. It runs YouTube, Flickr and Twitter accounts and has an iTunes podcast so is well versed in social media, but makes no secret of its Chinese base.
Uriminzokkiri’s social media efforts to date have been in Korean, not English (bar a short-lived attempt at an English-language Twitter feed), and are aimed at ethnic Koreans in North Korea’s East Asian neighbors. It established a Facebook page in 2010, but the page was deleted, twice, because it was set up as a personal account and not a “page.” Uriminzokkiri has not been back to Facebook since.
A quick check on the Uriminzokkiri site shows it doesn’t list the channel, despite it apparently starting at least a month ago.
So livestreaming on Facebook doesn’t quite fit the Uriminzokkiri profile. If it was to livestream — and it’s probably the most likely part of the North Korean Internet family of sites to do so — it would probably make more sense to serve the video stream from its own site or a third party video service like Ustream, Livestation or Livestream. That’s what it does with recorded video clips: its own site and YouTube.
Assuming the Pyongyang base is correct and the page links to Uriminzokkiri because there’s no KCTV website, it would be even more unusual. Non of North Korea’s Pyongyang-based sites engage in social media at all, and especially don’t adopt the chatty tone of the Facebook page.
The page includes lots of photos and text articles from KCNA. Among the most interesting items are some “behind the scenes” looks at the KCTV studios. They are presumably there to lend credibility to the Facebook account.
Pictures of inside KCTV have only been seen a couple of times in the last few years: once during the 2012 Lunar New Year when China Central Television reported on the TV station and interviewed Ri Chun Hui, probably the most famous KCTV anchor. And then later in 2012 when CCTV donated studio equipment to the broadcaster.
The photo above claims to have been taken on Sunday, May 19, and if real it would be a very unusual look behind the scenes of one of North Korea’s key propaganda machines.
Here’s the photo in full:
And here’s a photo carried on this website on October 1, 2012, as part of a report into the modernization of the KCTV control room by CCTV. Notice anything similar between the two photos?
The photo of the control room “on Sunday” is actually a six-month old Xinhua photo that’s been cropped to remove the “news.cn” name from the corner. One of the other “behind the scenes” photos on the Facebook page is a different shot from the same article on NorthKoreaTech, also cropped to remove the news.cn name.
Then there’s the livestreams themselves.
The two streams don’t come from Pyongyang or China at all. One is a Ustream feed that’s been set up in the name of “elufa.tv.” Elufa is a website run by the General Association of Korean Residents in Japan (aka Chrongryon or Chosen Soren) and the other is a Windows Media feed provided by the Seoul-based SPTV website.
Is Korean Central Television really relying on a Japanese and South Korean website to stream its programming?
While it’s impossible to determine who is actually behind the site, everything points to it being the work of one of several North Korean fans outside of the country who already post the country’s propaganda to their own sites and YouTube channels. There’s nothing on the page that appears genuinely original from KCTV in Pyongyang.
[UPDATE: The Facebook page, which was available at https://www.facebook.com/KoreanCentralTV , appears to have been deleted shortly after this article was published.]
Korean Central Television, the DPRK’s main nationwide TV channel, appears to have received another technology upgrade.
New satellite images uploaded to Google Earth show four satellite dishes on the roof of a building at the TV and radio broadcasting center. They weren’t there a few months ago.
It’s interesting because previously the TV and radio broadcasting center didn’t appear to have any link with the rest of the world. At least, nothing direct it controlled. It’s quite possible that signals from overseas were downlinked somewhere else and supplied over cable to the building.
Here’s the building as shown in a Google image from February 22 and, on the right, the same building on October 13, 2012.
In March last year the main 8pm evening news got a facelift with the use of computerized backdrops behind the presenters. For years, the evening news had used a basic backdrop of either a wooden wall or a painting of Pyongyang, so the computerized backdrops were a big change.
It’s impossible to tell what the dishes are pointed at — the pictures aren’t high enough resolution, they’re not from directly above and satellites are too closely positioned — but as an educated guess they could easily be pulling in the main Chinese, Japanese and South Korean channels. One might also be used to monitor KCTV’s output on the Thaicom-5 satellite or receive footage from the APTN or Reuters TV wire services.
There were no other details of the tests included in the report, which was carried by the Korea Computer Center’s Naenara portal as part of an article on upgrades to the country’s telecommunications systems.
“On the basis of the trial introduction of digital TV broadcasting last year the ministry is working to lay the material and technical foundation for applying it stage by stage while developing programs and introducing facilities,” the report said.
State media isn’t believed to have reported on the trials in the past.
A switch to digital broadcasting could have a big impact on the ability of people to receive uncensored TV broadcasts from South Korea and China.
Currently, North Koreans living within a few tens of kilometers from the northern and southern borders can receive overseas Korean-language broadcasts if they have a TV set that has been adjusted to allow tuning.
TV’s impact isn’t as important as foreign radio, which can be received nationwide, but it is one of a few sources of information from outside the government media. A survey published last year of defectors found 15 percent reported watching Chinese TV at least weekly and 4 percent watching South Korea’s KBS.
It’s importance was underlined recently when South Korea, which had been scheduled to switch off all its analog TV stations as part of a digital switchover, decided to keep them in operation near the border for North Korean viewers.
Digital TV introduces problems because there’s are several incompatible formats and because the signals are much less suited to reception in fringe areas.
On the standards front, North Korea is likely to be testing one of two standards: the DVB-T format used in Europe and much of Asia, or China’s DTMB system. South Korea uses the American ATSC system, which is unlikely to be used in the DPRK.
If the country goes for DVB-T, television sets won’t be able to receive broadcasts from either neighboring country. Selection of the Chinese system will mean the potential of receiving Chinese broadcasts in the border area, but only if the TV sets are capable of being tuned.
Depending on the sophistication of any limit on tuning, an after-market modification to allow tuning could be very difficult.
The good news is that a complete switch to digital TV is probably years away from happening.
The site is supposedly run by Pyongyang Broadcasting Station, the country’s radio station that targets Korean-language speakers in South Korea, Japan and China, and its imminent launch was announced by state radio earlier this week.
At first glance, the site appears largely consistent with web design on other North Korean websites. There are North Korean scenes, flowers, a map of the unified country and news stories about inter-Korean politics.
Perhaps one of the most interesting areas is a grid of views on the lower right hand side of the screen from Korea Central Television. Unfortunately, the nightly news isn’t featured among them.
They play in a Flash video player — not a proprietary format like the Voice of Korea streaming audio — and the quality isn’t bad, although it isn’t great either.
Visitors will also find some audio clips and photos.
But, at least on first glance, there isn’t much on this site that can’t already be found on North Korea’s other websites.
In terms of technology, the site appears to be running on the same webserver that hosts several other Noth Korean sites, including Voice of Korea and the Naenara portal.
The server is running on CentOS, a free Linux-based operating system based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
Google Chairman Eric Schmidt is back from Pyongyang. His visit made headlines around the world, but what about inside North Korea?
I took a look at the main 8pm evening news on North Korean TV to see where the visit ranked. Details of Eric Schmidt’s movements were reported on both Wednesday and Thursday.
Domestic news dominated the news both days, as it usually does. There were many items about workers across the country reacting to and supporting Kim Jong Un’s New Year address. The “Google delegation” news accounted for 30 seconds of the 10-minute bulletin on Wednesday, and 35 seconds of a 14-minute newscast on Thursday.
On Wednesday, the top news item was a 20 second item a booklet published in Russia about Kim Jong Un.
Here’s the rundown, according to BBC Monitoring:
- A booklet written by Kim Jong Un regarding Kim Jong Il’s work is published in Russia
- Media in China, Hong Kong, Bangladesh and Congo publish reports on the 21st anniversary of Kim Jong Il being elected the supreme commander of the Korean People’s Army and the first anniversary of the same happening to Kim Jong Un
- The youth vangard hold a meeting to support the New Year address
- A propaganda slide is shown calling: “2013 Let Us Thoroughly Implement the Programmatic Task as Proposed in the New Year’s Address of Respected and Beloved Marshal Kim Jong Un!”
- Another propaganda slide: “”Let Us Open a Epoch-Making Phase of the Construction of an Economically Powerful State With the Spirit and the Vigor That Conquered Space!”
- A propaganda poster exhibition opens at Pyongyang International Cultural Hall
- The North Pyongan shock brigade is working on land reclamation
- Nampo Port workers are attempting to follow the New Year address
- Taedonggang Fruit General Processing Plant workers are attempting to follow the New Year address
- Workers from around the country are helping to support farming villages
- The Google delegation visits Kim Il Sung University e-library
- A statement is issued in Nepal congratulating the DPRK on its satellite launch
- A statement is issued in Germany congratulating the DPRK on its satellite launch
Here’s the report:
On January 9th, the top news was a report on gifts sent to Kim Jong Un from the President of Algeria via the DPRK’s embassy in that country. The “Google delegation” visit was ranked eleventh, after an item about a Chinese government economic delegation in the country. Both were several items behind a piece on manure delivery in Pyongyang.
Here’s the bulletin rundown, according to BBC Monitoring:
- Gifts sent to Kim Jong Un from the president of Algeria.
- Brazilian and Peruvian groups issue statements supporting Kim Jong Un’s New Year address
- The General Federation of Trade Unions of Korea holds a meeting in front of statues of Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il at Mansudae Art Studio to support the New Year address
- The Union of Agricultural Working People of Korea holds a meeting at the Three-Revolution Exhibition Hall to support the New Year address
- Songyo Knitwear Plant workers are trying to implement and support the New Year address
- A Korean People’s Army unit is supporting farming in socialist rural areas
- The Kim Il Sung Socialist Youth League in Pyongyang sends manure to farms in the city
- The Kim Il Sung Socialist Youth League is supporting farming projects in rural areas
- The Taesongsan Sports Team is training harder in the new year
- A Chinese government trade and economic delegation is in North Korea
- Eric Schmidt’s delegation visits the Grand People’s Study House
- The Nigerian Committee for Study of the Juche Idea congratulates the DPRK on its satellite launch
- China opens the world’s longest high-speed rail line
- A measles epidemic in Pakistan has killed 154 people
- Landslides in Colombia kill five people
And here’s the clip of the visit:
The visit wasn’t reported on North Korean radio’s main morning news bulletins, according to BBC Monitoring reports.
Here’s a gallery of images from January 8:
And here’s January 9th. The visit included a trip to the book delivery counter, where an assistant was able to speedily retrieve books from a back storeroom via a conveyer belt. If it was anything like my trip there in 2002, Schmidt was probably shown a hopelessly out of date book about computer programming.